Applications for Harnessing the Current Computer Technologies towards enhancing World Education
Presenter: Fady S.K. Alnajjr
University Of Fukui
Theme: Harnessing Technology for a Better World
In recent decades, the world technology level has reached to an advanced stage of development, especially those which inspired by the biological ideas. Harnessing such a development towards fabricating real smart applications that applicable for enhancing the worldwide education curricula is one of the significant challenges tasks for many groups of researchers. Although there are many works have been done in this issue, with various degrees of success (e.g. automatic exam scoring techniques, smart interactive whiteboard, smart- English correction software, etc.), the investigation around such matter is still open. In this manuscript, we are intending to present a complete “smart education” system by highlighting into three novel ideas that can cooperate to contribute toward enhancing the current public education system. The proposed project is easily applicable and understandable.
The first idea (the core of the project) aims to develop “A ministry/lectures & lecturer/students Online Interaction Systems (OIS)”, where the low-level user shows improving in his/her interest when frequent comments are always processed by the high-level user (Takuma, 2008; Sato, 2004; Tsubakimoto, 2007; Takase, 2007). The idea here is to develop a smart interaction system that can assist the high-level user (e.g. lecturer) to effectively and rapidly evaluate and comment into the lowlevel users (e.g. students). Whenever the lecturer asks a question during the lecture, and after the student answers, the system summarizes these answers and represents them by a simple smart graph.
The graph helps the lecturer to clarify the level each student, give effective comments, and adjust his teaching technique to fit them. In this stage, the system is supported by a Self-Organizing Map model,which is an artificial neural network model that represents the biological brain (Kohonen, 2001). The system here is extendable, where any high-level user could be always supervised by a one step higher level. This, therefore, resulting in a pyramid layout.
in which the difficulty of study/vocational decision making for adolescence and fresh graduate students are addressed and solved (Holland, 1980; Yamashita, 2000; Yamashita, 2003; Lin, 1991). In this stage, a memory-based learning algorithm, a biologically known learning algorithm (Alnajjar, 2008c), is used to build and train a system that can organize its artificial network toward a relatively untroubled decision making. The proposed system based mainly on the follow-up of the students’ histories, i.e., academic records, social activities, etc.. The system is continuously updating and training itself. We expect that the trained network will be able to achieve a reliable and smart-advising system.
The third idea (sub-project 2) introduces asynchronous communication towards an organized meeting and positive conclusion using “E-mail organized group meeting (E-OGM)” This stage based on the principle of the importance of social cooperation for the development of an individual’s way of thinking. The system supports individuals to generate a feasible idea, relying mainly on their experiences after interacting with a group (Ragin, 1987, Sweeney, 2003; Minamino, 2008; Kurose, 1993). The system uses a smart e-mail server as asynchronous communication media. Members in the group can send and receive messages regardless of time and place. The smart e-mail server can categorize e-mails based on quantity and quality of each message. By this system, members in a group can generate unique ideas that polished by partner viewpoints and selected through positive group discussion.
We believe that the proposed projects in this study can be successfully applied to a broad range of applications, and it could address new methodologies of future education. We believe that this project could fit within the scope of the “e-World: Harnessing Technology for a Better World”, a sub-theme of EWB2009.